Install Docker Machine Linux

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Docker is not a new term, this virtualization platform is popular for its ability to run applications in Containers. We can build and communicate containers with one another. Here we learn how to install the Docker CE platform on AlmaLinux 8 to create containerized virtual machines.

  1. If you’ve read and made use of this article to install Docker on Linux Mint 18 or 18.1, this is the next article in line. While installing Docker makes it possible to run Docker containers locally on your machine, installing Docker Machine makes it possible to provision servers locally and remotely on supported Cloud service providers like DigitalOcean and AWS with Docker (Engine) pre.
  2. Prerequisites for Installation. To install Docker Engine, you need a maintained version of CentOS 7 or 8. Archived versions aren’t supported or tested. CentOs 7 or CentOs 8 Operating System. Centos-extras repository must be working. Storage Driver needed overlay2. Sudo user administrative privilege or root user access. Working yum repositories.
Install Docker Machine Linux

The key difference between normal virtual machines we run such as on VirtualBox is that in Docker not every container has to bring a complete operating system. For instance, you want to install and run Ubuntu 20.04 Server virtually but with a very minimalistic approach, I mean only core files that you need to run this server OS because, on Docker, the Containers are going to share the same kernel. This makes us start multiple containers with different applications such as Apache web server, MySQL, etc. without asserting extra stress on the system hardware resources. Whereas in a normal Virtual Machine or hypervisor we install a complete Guest with the full-blown kernel that means, if we want to separate the webserver from the database server, we would have to start two complete virtual machines including the operating system. In Docker, these are simply two independent containers that start the respective servers.

Out of the other benefits, one is the availability of Docker for all major operating systems- Windows, macOS, and Linux. Besides, we can easily pass the Docker containers on to teammates so that everyone pulls together and develops in the same environment. This distribution of the Docker containers takes place via the Docker Hub.

Docker also provides a convenience script at test.docker.com to install pre-releases of Docker on Linux. This script is equivalent to the script at get.docker.com, but configures your package manager to enable the “test” channel from our package repository, which includes both stable and pre-releases (beta versions, release-candidates) of.

Contents

  • Steps to install Docker CE on AlmaLinux 8

Steps to install Docker CE on AlmaLinux 8

What will we learn here?

Install docker machine in linux
  • Docker Installation process for AlmaLinux 8
  • How to pull Images from Docker Hub to install and run a container?
  • Commands to start, stop, and restart Docker Engine

The steps given here will also work for RHEL and CentOS 8…

1. Add Docker Repo on AlmaLinux

Add official Docker CE repository on your AlmaLinux 8, so that we can install it without downloading its packages manually.

Note– It is a single command, thus use it as whole

2. Run system update

To let the system recognize the added Docker repository and the packages available in the same, run the system update that will force AlmaLinux to rebuild the system repo cache.

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You can check the added repo including others of your system using the command:

3. Command to Install Docker CE Engine

So, we already have the Docker repo and now it’s time to run the simple command using the DNF package manager for installing the Docker-CE along with its command-line tool and containerd.io to efficiently manage the container lifecycle of its host system.

Output:

4. Enable and Start Docker Service

Once the installation is completed, start the Docker service on your AlmaLinux and also enable it to run automatically with system boot.

Check the Status of the Service to know it is working properly.

5. Add AlmaLinux User to Docker User Group

To run docker commands we need sudo rights or root access and to avoid that add your current system user into the Docker group so that you can easily run its command for downloading and creating containers.

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Install Docker Machine Linux

Check whether your user is in the docker group or not.

Docker

If you want to use some other user than the current one, simply replace $USER in the above command with the specific system’s user you want to give the rights to manage Docker.

Output:

Restart the Server

To make sure all the changes work smoothly restart your host AlmaLinux server or desktop where you have installed the Docker.

To get the information and details related to installer docker such as version, several containers installed, Host kernel version, Architecture, CPU, OS Name, etc. Type:

6. Test Docker by pulling Image

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Let’s download some Images such as Ubuntu to create a Container and test it, whether everything is working fine or not.

The above command will fetch the latest Image file of the LTS version i.e Ubuntu 20.04 LTS to install and create a container corresponding to it from Docker Hub.

To know what are Images has been downloaded and available to use on your Docker system locally, run:

7. Run Container

Now, we have the Docker Image of Ubuntu, let’s create and run a container using it. The command for that is very simple:

After that, you can use the Ubuntu APT package manager to run the command and install the various applications over it. Know more about its commands and work on the official documentation page.

Ending note:

Docker Machine Linux Install

Being a REHL-based operating system AlmaLinux works exactly like CentOS 8, thus the same commands and repositories to install for getting various packages including Docker can be used on it as well.