Install Docker Without Root

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  • Docker Tutorial
  1. Install Docker Non Root
  2. Centos Install Docker Without Root
  3. Install Docker Compose Without Root
  4. Install Docker Without Root Canal
  • There is an OS user named demo which has been defined on the system having entire root access to the sever. To install Docker, we need to follow the steps given below. Step 1 − Before installing Docker, you first have to ensure that you have the right Linux kernel version running. Docker is only designed to run on Linux kernel version 3.8.
  • Run Docker without root. By default, you’ll have to use sudo or login to root anytime you want to run a Docker command. This next step is optional, but if you’d prefer the ability to run Docker as your current user, add your account to the docker group with this command.

Sudo systemctl enable docker.service sudo systemctl enable containerd.service. Now we can test the installation. Testing Docker on Debian 11. To test Docker, just run the hello-world image that is included in the installation. Docker run hello-world 1.- Docker running on Debian 11. The image indicates that everything went well. Since by default, a root user inside the container will have access to mounted root-owned directories inside the container, this will allow any Docker container started by a non-root user to access critical machine stuff. Therefore, the sequence of having a non-root user install Docker and start containers should not be allowed as it can.

  • Docker Useful Resources
  • Selected Reading

To start the installation of Docker, we are going to use an Ubuntu instance. You can use Oracle Virtual Box to setup a virtual Linux instance, in case you don’t have it already.

The following screenshot shows a simple Ubuntu server which has been installed on Oracle Virtual Box. There is an OS user named demo which has been defined on the system having entire root access to the sever.

To install Docker, we need to follow the steps given below.

Ubuntu

Step 1 − Before installing Docker, you first have to ensure that you have the right Linux kernel version running. Docker is only designed to run on Linux kernel version 3.8 and higher. We can do this by running the following command.

uname

This method returns the system information about the Linux system.

Syntax

Options

a − This is used to ensure that the system information is returned.

Return Value

Install Docker Without Root

This method returns the following information on the Linux system −

  • kernel name
  • node name
  • kernel release
  • kernel version
  • machine
  • processor
  • hardware platform
  • operating system

Example

Output

When we run above command, we will get the following result −

From the output, we can see that the Linux kernel version is 4.2.0-27 which is higher than version 3.8, so we are good to go.

Step 2 − You need to update the OS with the latest packages, which can be done via the following command −

This method installs packages from the Internet on to the Linux system.

Syntax

sudo apt-get update

Options

  • sudo − The sudo command is used to ensure that the command runs with root access.

  • update − The update option is used ensure that all packages are updated on the Linux system.

Return Value

None

Example

Output

When we run the above command, we will get the following result −

This command will connect to the internet and download the latest system packages for Ubuntu.

Step 3 − The next step is to install the necessary certificates that will be required to work with the Docker site later on to download the necessary Docker packages. It can be done with the following command.

Step 4 − The next step is to add the new GPG key. This key is required to ensure that all data is encrypted when downloading the necessary packages for Docker.

The following command will download the key with the ID 58118E89F3A912897C070ADBF76221572C52609D from the keyserver hkp://ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 and adds it to the adv keychain. Please note that this particular key is required to download the necessary Docker packages.

Step 5 − Next, depending on the version of Ubuntu you have, you will need to add the relevant site to the docker.list for the apt package manager, so that it will be able to detect the Docker packages from the Docker site and download them accordingly.

  • Precise 12.04 (LTS) ─ deb https://apt.dockerproject.org/repoubuntu-precise main

  • Trusty 14.04 (LTS) ─ deb https://apt.dockerproject.org/repo/ ubuntu-trusty main

  • Wily 15.10 ─ deb https://apt.dockerproject.org/repo ubuntu-wily main

  • Xenial 16.04 (LTS) - https://apt.dockerproject.org/repo ubuntu-xenial main

Since our OS is Ubuntu 14.04, we will use the Repository name as “deb https://apt.dockerproject.org/repoubuntu-trusty main”.

And then, we will need to add this repository to the docker.list as mentioned above.

Step 6 − Next, we issue the apt-get update command to update the packages on the Ubuntu system.

Step 7 − If you want to verify that the package manager is pointing to the right repository, you can do it by issuing the apt-cache command.

In the output, you will get the link to https://apt.dockerproject.org/repo/

Step 8 − Issue the apt-get update command to ensure all the packages on the local system are up to date.

Step 9 − For Ubuntu Trusty, Wily, and Xenial, we have to install the linux-image-extra-* kernel packages, which allows one to use the aufs storage driver. This driver is used by the newer versions of Docker.

It can be done by using the following command.

Step 10 − The final step is to install Docker and we can do this with the following command −

Here, apt-get uses the install option to download the Docker-engine image from the Docker website and get Docker installed.

The Docker-engine is the official package from the Docker Corporation for Ubuntu-based systems.

In the next section, we will see how to check for the version of Docker that was installed.

Docker Version

To see the version of Docker running, you can issue the following command −

Syntax

Options

  • version − It is used to ensure the Docker command returns the Docker version installed.

Return Value

The output will provide the various details of the Docker version installed on the system.

Example

Output

When we run the above program, we will get the following result −

Docker Info

To see more information on the Docker running on the system, you can issue the following command −

Syntax

Options

  • info − It is used to ensure that the Docker command returns the detailed information on the Docker service installed.

Return Value

The output will provide the various details of the Docker installed on the system such as −

  • Number of containers
  • Number of images
  • The storage driver used by Docker
  • The root directory used by Docker
  • The execution driver used by Docker

Example

Output

When we run the above command, we will get the following result −

Docker for Windows

Docker has out-of-the-box support for Windows, but you need to have the following configuration in order to install Docker for Windows.

System Requirements

Windows OSWindows 10 64 bit
Memory2 GB RAM (recommended)

You can download Docker for Windows from − https://docs.docker.com/docker-for-windows/

Download

Docker ToolBox

Docker ToolBox has been designed for older versions of Windows, such as Windows 8.1 and Windows 7. You need to have the following configuration in order to install Docker for Windows.

System Requirements

Windows OSWindows 7 , 8, 8.1
Memory2 GB RAM (recommended)
VirtualizationThis should be enabled.

You can download Docker ToolBox from − https://www.docker.com/products/docker-toolbox


Estimated reading time: 10 minutes

How can I install Docker CE on Ubuntu 20.04 19.04 18.04 16.04 Linux distribution. Docker Engine is a container runtime engine which allows you to package your applications with all of its dependencies into a standardized unit for software development and distribution.

Install Docker Non Root

To get started with Docker Engine on Ubuntu, make sure youmeet the prerequisites, theninstall Docker.

Prerequisites

OS requirements

To install Docker Engine, you need the 64-bit version of one of these Ubuntuversions:

  • Ubuntu Groovy 20.10
  • Ubuntu Focal 20.04 (LTS)
  • Ubuntu Bionic 18.04 (LTS)
  • Ubuntu Xenial 16.04 (LTS)
  1. Installing Docker on Ubuntu 20.04. To use the latest version of Docker, we will install it from the official Docker repository. So, start by adding the GPG key for the official Docker repository to your system, after that add the repository configuration to the APT source with the following commands.
  2. Jun 10, 2019 Step by Step Tutorial on How to Install Docker Compose on Ubuntu 18.04. Also, learn to create and manage new containers using Docker Compose applications.
  3. In order to install Prometheus on Docker, you will need to have sudo rights on your host. If you are not sure about it, run the following command $ sudo -v 1. Installing Docker on Ubuntu. Before installing Prometheus on Docker, it is important that Docker is already correctly installed and configured on your instance.
  4. Docker is a software package that creates containers for application development. Learn how to Install Docker on Ubuntu 18.04 in this tutorial.

Docker Engine is supported on x86_64 (or amd64), armhf, and arm64 architectures.

Uninstall old versions

Older versions of Docker were called docker, docker.io, or docker-engine.If these are installed, uninstall them:

It’s OK if apt-get reports that none of these packages are installed.

The contents of /var/lib/docker/, including images, containers, volumes, andnetworks, are preserved. If you do not need to save your existing data, and want tostart with a clean installation, refer to the uninstall Docker Enginesection at the bottom of this page.

Supported storage drivers

Centos Install Docker Without Root

Docker Engine on Ubuntu supports overlay2, aufs and btrfs storage drivers.

Docker Engine uses the overlay2 storage driver by default. If you need to useaufs instead, you need to configure it manually.See use the AUFS storage driver

Installation methods

You can install Docker Engine in different ways, depending on your needs:

Install docker without root download
  • Most usersset up Docker’s repositories and installfrom them, for ease of installation and upgrade tasks. This is therecommended approach.

  • Some users download the DEB package andinstall it manually and manageupgrades completely manually. This is useful in situations such as installingDocker on air-gapped systems with no access to the internet.

  • In testing and development environments, some users choose to use automatedconvenience scripts to install Docker.

Install using the repository

Before you install Docker Engine for the first time on a new host machine, you needto set up the Docker repository. Afterward, you can install and update Dockerfrom the repository.

Set up the repository

  1. Update the apt package index and install packages to allow apt to use arepository over HTTPS:

  2. Add Docker’s official GPG key:

  3. Use the following command to set up the stable repository. To add thenightly or test repository, add the word nightly or test (or both)after the word stable in the commands below. Learn about nightly and test channels.

    Note: The lsb_release -cs sub-command below returns the name of yourUbuntu distribution, such as xenial. Sometimes, in a distributionlike Linux Mint, you might need to change $(lsb_release -cs)to your parent Ubuntu distribution. For example, if you are using Linux Mint Tessa, you could use bionic. Docker does not offer any guarantees on untestedand unsupported Ubuntu distributions.

Install Docker Engine

  1. Update the apt package index, and install the latest version of DockerEngine and containerd, or go to the next step to install a specific version:

    Got multiple Docker repositories?

    If you have multiple Docker repositories enabled, installingor updating without specifying a version in the apt-get install orapt-get update command always installs the highest possible version,which may not be appropriate for your stability needs.

  2. To install a specific version of Docker Engine, list the available versionsin the repo, then select and install:

    a. List the versions available in your repo:

    b. Install a specific version using the version string from the second column, for example, 5:18.09.1~3-0~ubuntu-xenial.

  3. Verify that Docker Engine is installed correctly by running the hello-worldimage.

    This command downloads a test image and runs it in a container. When thecontainer runs, it prints an informational message and exits.

Docker Engine is installed and running. The docker group is created but no usersare added to it. You need to use sudo to run Docker commands.Continue to Linux postinstall to allow non-privilegedusers to run Docker commands and for other optional configuration steps.

Upgrade Docker Engine

To upgrade Docker Engine, first run sudo apt-get update, then follow theinstallation instructions, choosing the newversion you want to install.

Install from a package

If you cannot use Docker’s repository to install Docker Engine, you can download the.deb file for your release and install it manually. You need to downloada new file each time you want to upgrade Docker.

  1. Go to https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/dists/,choose your Ubuntu version, then browse to pool/stable/, choose amd64,armhf, or arm64, and download the .deb file for the Docker Engineversion you want to install.

    Note: To install a nightly or test (pre-release) package,change the word stable in the above URL to nightly or test.Learn about nightly and test channels.

  2. Install Docker Engine, changing the path below to the path where you downloadedthe Docker package.

    The Docker daemon starts automatically.

  3. Verify that Docker Engine is installed correctly by running the hello-worldimage.

    This command downloads a test image and runs it in a container. When thecontainer runs, it prints an informational message and exits.

Docker Engine is installed and running. The docker group is created but no usersare added to it. You need to use sudo to run Docker commands.Continue to Post-installation steps for Linux to allownon-privileged users to run Docker commands and for other optional configurationsteps.

Upgrade Docker Engine

To upgrade Docker Engine, download the newer package file and repeat theinstallation procedure, pointing to the new file.

Install using the convenience script

Docker provides convenience scripts at get.docker.comand test.docker.com for installing edge andtesting versions of Docker Engine - Community into development environments quickly andnon-interactively. The source code for the scripts is in thedocker-install repository.Using these scripts is not recommended for productionenvironments, and you should understand the potential risks before you usethem:

  • The scripts require root or sudo privileges to run. Therefore,you should carefully examine and audit the scripts before running them.
  • The scripts attempt to detect your Linux distribution and version andconfigure your package management system for you. In addition, the scripts donot allow you to customize any installation parameters. This may lead to anunsupported configuration, either from Docker’s point of view or from your ownorganization’s guidelines and standards.
  • The scripts install all dependencies and recommendations of the packagemanager without asking for confirmation. This may install a large number ofpackages, depending on the current configuration of your host machine.
  • The script does not provide options to specify which version of Docker to install,and installs the latest version that is released in the “edge” channel.
  • Do not use the convenience script if Docker has already been installed on thehost machine using another mechanism.

This example uses the script at get.docker.com toinstall the latest release of Docker Engine - Community on Linux. To install the latesttesting version, use test.docker.com instead. Ineach of the commands below, replace each occurrence of get with test.

Warning:

Always examine scripts downloaded from the internet beforerunning them locally.

If you would like to use Docker as a non-root user, you should now consideradding your user to the “docker” group with something like:

Remember to log out and back in for this to take effect!

Warning:

Adding a user to the “docker” group grants them the ability to run containerswhich can be used to obtain root privileges on the Docker host. Refer toDocker Daemon Attack Surfacefor more information.

Docker Engine - Community is installed. It starts automatically on DEB-based distributions. OnRPM-based distributions, you need to start it manually using the appropriatesystemctl or service command. As the message indicates, non-root users can’trun Docker commands by default.

Note:

To install Docker without root privileges, seeRun the Docker daemon as a non-root user (Rootless mode).

Upgrade Docker after using the convenience script

If you installed Docker using the convenience script, you should upgrade Dockerusing your package manager directly. There is no advantage to re-running theconvenience script, and it can cause issues if it attempts to re-addrepositories which have already been added to the host machine.

Uninstall Docker Engine

  1. Uninstall the Docker Engine, CLI, and Containerd packages:

  2. Images, containers, volumes, or customized configuration files on your hostare not automatically removed. To delete all images, containers, andvolumes:

Ubuntu

You must delete any edited configuration files manually.

Next steps

Install Docker Compose Without Root

Install docker compose without root

Ubuntu 18.04 Download Iso 64-bit

  • Continue to Post-installation steps for Linux.
  • Review the topics in Develop with Docker to learn how to build new applications using Docker.

Ubuntu 18.04 I386 Iso

Install Docker Without Root Canal

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