Install Python3 Mac Pip

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If you are managing Python packages (libraries) with pip, you can use the configuration file requirements.txt to install the specified packages with the specified version.

This article describes the following contents.

  1. If you’re on Python 3.2, you’ll need this version of Open the Command Prompt and navigate to the file. Run the following command: python and you are done. How to install PIP on Mac. When it comes to installing PIP on Mac then many modern Macs comes preloaded with Python and PIP.
  2. Install Pip3 on Mac With the Homebrew Package Manager. Instead of downloading the file first and then running it, you can use the Homebrew package manager to install any missing packages on your Mac. The command to install the pip3 package manager with the Homebrew package manager is given below. Brew install python3 The code above.
  3. May 11, 2017 Apple’s Mac OS comes with python 2.7 installed by default. Perhaps you may want to use python 3.x.x on your machine and also use pip for package management with python 3.x.x. The easiest way to achieve this is by: NOTE: This tutorial does not use Virtual Environments like virtualenv or pyenv to manage various python versions.
  • Install packages with pip: -r requirements.txt
  • How to write configuration file requirements.txt
  • Export current environment configuration file: pip freeze

Install Python3 Mac Pip Program

For basic information on how to use pip, such as installing, updating, and uninstalling packages, please see the following article.

Install packages with pip: -r requirements.txt

Wait for the installation to finish. Now you have successfully installed pip on your Mac. Install Pip on macOS via easyinstall. The easyinstall method features a Python module bundled with setuptools for managing Python packages. Easyinstall was the default Python package manager before pip.

The following command will install the packages according to the configuration file requirements.txt.

You can name the configuration file whatever you like, but requirements.txt is often used.

Put requirements.txt in the directory where the command will be executed. If it is in another directory, specify its path like path/to/requirements.txt.

How to write configuration file 'requirements.txt'

An example of configuration file requirements.txt is as follows.

Install Python3 Mac Pip

Like Python code, you can write comments using #.

You can specify the version with , >, >=, <, <=, etc. If the version is omitted, the latest version is installed.

Two conditions can be specified by separating them with a comma ,. In the following example, a version of 1.0 or later and 2.0 or earlier (= 1.0 <= ver <= 2.0) is installed.

Export current environment configuration file: pip freeze

pip freeze outputs the package and its version installed in the current environment in the form of a configuration file that can be used with pip install -r.

If you output pip freeze to a file with redirect >, you can use that file to install packages of the same version as the original environment in another environment.

First, output requirements.txt to a file.

Copy or move this requirements.txt to another environment and install with it.

MacOS comes with Python pre-installed. But it's Python Version 2.7, which is now deprecated (abandoned by the Python developer community).

The entire Python community has now moved on to using Python 3.x (the current version as of writing this is 3.9). And Python 4.x will be out soon, but it will be completely backward compatible.

If you try to run Python from your MacOS terminal, you'll even see this warning:

Install Python3 Mac Pip Using

Until Apple decides to set Python 3.x, as the default you're going to have to install it yourself.

A Single Command to Run Python 3

For some of you reading this, this command may be enough. You can run Python 3 using this command (with the 3 at the end).

If that's all you came for, no worries. Have a fun day and happy coding.

But if you want a proper Python version control system to keep track of various versions – and have fine-grain control over which version you use – this tutorial will show you exactly how to accomplish this.

How to Install Homebrew on Mac

First you need to install Homebrew, a powerful package manager for Mac.

Open up your terminal. You can do this by using MacOS spotlight (command+space) and typing 'terminal'.

Now that you're in a command line, you can install the latest version of Homebrew by running this command:

Your terminal will ask for Super User-level access. You will need to type your password to run this command. This is the same password you type when you log into your Mac. Type it and hit enter.

Homebrew will ask you to confirm you want to install the following. You have to press enter to continue. (Or press any other key if you get cold feet.)

How to Install pyenv to Manage Your Python Versions

Now let's take a moment to install PyEnv. This library will help you switch between different versions of Python (in case you need to run Python 2.x for some reason, and in anticipation of Python 4.0 coming).

Run this command:

Now you can install the latest version of Python.

How to Use pyenv to Install Python or Update Your Python Version

Install Python3 Mac Pip Download

Now you just need to run the following command:

Note that you can substitute 3.9.2 for whatever the latest version of Python is. For example, once Python 4.0.0 comes out, you can run this:

Troubleshooting pyenv Installation

Install Python 3 Mac Pipe

If you encounter an error that 'C compiler cannot create executables' then the simplest way to solve this is to reinstall Apple's Xcode.

Xcode is a tool created by Apple that includes all the C libraries and other tools that Python uses when it runs on MacOS. Xcode is a whopping 11 gigabytes, but you'll want to be up-to-date. You may want to run this while you're sleeping.

You can get the latest version of Apple's Xcode here. I had to do this after upgrading to MacOS Big Sur, but once I did, all the following commands worked fine. Just re-run the above pyenv install 3.9.2 and it should now work.

How to Set Up Your MacOS PATH for pyenv (Bash or ZSH)

First you need to update your Unix path to pave a way for PyEnv to be able to interact with your system.

This is a long explanation of how PATH works in MacOS (and Unix), straight from the pyenv GitHub repo.

When you run a command like python or pip, your operating system searches through a list of directories to find an executable file with that name. This list of directories lives in an environment variable called PATH, with each directory in the list separated by a colon:
Directories in PATH are searched from left to right, so a matching executable in a directory at the beginning of the list takes precedence over another one at the end. In this example, the /usr/local/bin directory will be searched first, then /usr/bin, then /bin.

And here is their explanation of what a Shim is. I'm quoting them at length again because I really can't explain this better myself.

pyenv works by inserting a directory of shims at the front of your PATH:
Through a process called rehashing, pyenv maintains shims in that directory to match every Python command across every installed version of Python—python, pip, and so on.
Shims are lightweight executables that simply pass your command along to pyenv.

Here's how to update your .bash_profile in Bash (which is installed in MacOS by default):

Or if you've installed ZSH (or OhMyZSH) like I have, you'll want to edit the .zshrc file instead:

Then you want to add PyEnv Init to your terminal. Run this command if you're using Bash (again, this is the default with MacOS):

Or run this command if you're using ZSH:

Now reset your terminal by running this command:

How to Set a Version of Python to Global Default (Bash or ZSH)

You can set the latest version of Python to be global, meaning it will be the default version of Python MacOS uses when you run Python applications.

Run this command:

Again, you can replace 3.9.2 with whatever the latest version is.

Now you can verify that this worked by checking the global version of Python:

You should see this output:

The Final Step: Close Your Terminal and Restart it

Once you've restarted your browser, you run the python command and you'll launch the new version of Python instead of the old one.

Congratulations. Thank you for reading this, and happy coding.