Install Software In Docker Container

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  1. Install Application In Docker Container
  2. Install Software In Docker Container Windows
  3. Can We Install Software In Docker Container
  4. Install Software In A Docker Container

Estimated reading time: 4 minutes

Welcome! We are excited that you want to learn Docker.

This page contains step-by-step instructions on how to get started with Docker. In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to:

Software

How to Install Applications inside Docker Containers. A Docker container image is a lightweight, standalone, executable package of software that includes everything needed to run an application: code, runtime, system tools, system libraries and settings. Container images become containers at runtime and in the case of Docker containers - images become containers when they run on Docker Engine.

  • Build and run an image as a container
  • Share images using Docker Hub
  • Deploy Docker applications using multiple containers with a database
  • Running applications using Docker Compose

In addition, you’ll also learn about the best practices for building images, including instructions on how to scan your images for security vulnerabilities.

If you are looking for information on how to containerize an application using your favorite language, see Language-specific getting started guides.

We also recommend the video walkthrough from DockerCon 2020.

Download and install Docker

This tutorial assumes you have a current version of Docker installed on yourmachine. If you do not have Docker installed, choose your preferred operating system below to download Docker:

For Docker Desktop installation instructions, see Install Docker Desktop on Mac and Install Docker Desktop on Windows.

Start the tutorial

If you’ve already run the command to get started with the tutorial, congratulations! If not, open a command prompt or bash window, and run the command:

You’ll notice a few flags being used. Here’s some more info on them:

  • -d - run the container in detached mode (in the background)
  • -p 80:80 - map port 80 of the host to port 80 in the container
  • docker/getting-started - the image to use

Tip

You can combine single character flags to shorten the full command.As an example, the command above could be written as:

The Docker Dashboard

Docker

Before going too far, we want to highlight the Docker Dashboard, which givesyou a quick view of the containers running on your machine. The Docker Dashboard is available for Mac and Windows. It gives you quick access to container logs, lets you get a shell inside the container, and lets youeasily manage container lifecycle (stop, remove, etc.).

To access the dashboard, follow the instructions in theDocker Desktop manual. If you open the dashboardnow, you will see this tutorial running! The container name (jolly_bouman below) is arandomly created name. So, you’ll most likely have a different name.

Install Application In Docker Container

Install

What is a container?

Now that you’ve run a container, what is a container? Simply put, a container issimply another process on your machine that has been isolated from all other processeson the host machine. That isolation leverages kernel namespaces and cgroups, features that have been in Linux for a long time. Docker has worked to make these capabilities approachable and easy to use.

Creating containers from scratch

If you’d like to see how containers are built from scratch, Liz Rice from Aqua Securityhas a fantastic talk in which she creates a container from scratch in Go. While she makesa simple container, this talk doesn’t go into networking, using images for the filesystem, and more. But, it gives a fantastic deep dive into how things are working.

Install Software In Docker Container Windows

Install

What is a container image?

When running a container, it uses an isolated filesystem. This custom filesystem is provided by a container image. Since the image contains the container’s filesystem, it must contain everything needed to run an application - all dependencies, configuration, scripts, binaries, etc. The image also contains other configuration for the container, such as environment variables,a default command to run, and other metadata.

Can We Install Software In Docker Container

Install Software In Docker Container

We’ll dive deeper into images later on, covering topics such as layering, best practices, and more.

Info

Install Software In A Docker Container

If you’re familiar with chroot, think of a container as an extended version of chroot. Thefilesystem is simply coming from the image. But, a container adds additional isolation notavailable when simply using chroot.

CLI references

Refer to the following topics for further documentation on all CLI commands used in this article:

get started, setup, orientation, quickstart, intro, concepts, containers, docker desktop